Saint Avertanus and Blessed Romeo are 14th-century French monks, traveling companions and “AIDS patrons” who died together of the plague and share the same coffin. Their feast day is Feb. 25.
The pair was revered and celebrated in the centuries after their deaths — so much that some say Blessed Romeo’s name is origin of the famous lover in Shakespeare’s play “Romeo and Juliet.”
Saint Avertanus of Limoges was born in Limoges, France. His is Avertin in French and Avertano in Italian and Spanish. He entered the Carmelite order over the objections of his elderly parents. He felt inspired to make a pilgrimage to Rome and onward to the Holy Land. So he got permission from his superiors at the cloister to make the pilgrimage.
His traveling companion was Blessed Romeo, also called Romaeus of Limoges. They faced rain and snow as they made the adventurous pilgrimage over the Alps from France to Italy, performing miracles along the way.
“They were two angels keeping company on the road,” according to “The Lives of the Saints” by Omer Engelbert.
When the couple reached Italy, every city was closed to travelers because of an epidemic of plague. Both friends contracted the disease. Avertanus was admitted to a hospital outside the city walls of Lucca, where Romeo ministered to him. Avertanus died there on Feb. 25, followed by Romeo on March 4.
The tale of their travels and miracles became enormously popular. Stories of their pious exploits grew increasingly elaborate in the decades following their deaths.
Their relics are still honored today in the same sarcophagus at the Church of Saints Paolino and Donato in Lucca. The marble tomb is attributed to early Renaissance sculptor Matteo Civitali, a native of Lucca.
An inscription on the sarcophagus says that “the two bodies were placed together so that these who dwell in the same house in heaven may be united in the honor of one same urn,” according to a Carmelite biography by Louis Saggi.
Most sources say that Avertanus died on Feb. 25, 1380, although Saggi provides evidence that their deaths were actually in the 13th century.
Avertanus and Romeo appear in AIDS icon
Avertanus and Romeo appear together in the icon “Patrons of the AIDS Pandemic” by Lewis Williams. It show two pairs of medieval male saints who faced disease epidemics together with friendship and faith. Their man-to-man bonds speak to the gay community, where AIDS has a disproportionately large impact.
Avertanus and Romeo carry the type of staff and water gourds used by pilgrims. Romeo holds an arrow, symbol of the plague.
On the left are 13th-century Franciscans who ministered in an Italian leper colony: Blessed Bartolo Buonpedoni and Blessed Vivaldo. Bartolo got leprosy while caring for the sick, so he had to live in segregated housing. His loyal friend Vivaldo moved into the leper house with him, even though he himself had not contracted the disease. They lived together for 20 years until Bartolo’s death. Today there are effective treatments for leprosy, now known as Hansen’s disease. AIDS has taken its place as a dreaded and stigmatized disease. The same-sex pairs stand on each side of a chestnut tree, a symbol of life after death.
“It is hoped that they offer solace to companions who have survived a loved one’s death, or to friends\family burdened by the death of two companions,” says the official text accompanying the icon.
Vivaldo and Bartolo: Love stronger than death for AIDS patron saints
Top image credit:
“Patrons of the AIDS Pandemic” by Lewis Williams, SFO, www.trinitystores.com
This post is part of the LGBTQ Saints series by Kittredge Cherry. Traditional and alternative saints, people in the Bible, LGBTQ martyrs, authors, theologians, religious leaders, artists, deities and other figures of special interest to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender and queer (LGBTQ) people and our allies are covered.
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Patrons of the AIDS Pandemic and many other icons are available on cards, plaques, T-shirts, mugs, candles, mugs, and more at Trinity Stores
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